Last modified 7 years ago Last modified on 03/19/12 14:01:14


Trac is distributed with a powerful command-line configuration tool. This tool can be used to configure and customize your Trac-installation to better fit your needs.

Some of those operations can also be performed via the Admin web interface, an updated version of the WebAdmin plugin now integrated within Trac (since version 0.11).


For nearly every trac-admin command, you'll need to specify the path to the TracEnvironment that you want to administer as the first argument, for example:

trac-admin /path/to/projenv wiki list

The only exception is for the help command, but even in this case if you omit the environment, you'll only get a very succinct list of commands (help and initenv), the same list you'd get when invoking trac-admin alone. Also, trac-admin --version will tell you about the Trac version (e.g. 0.12) corresponding to the program.

If you want to get a comprehensive list of the available commands and sub-commands, you need to specify an existing environment:

trac-admin /path/to/projenv help

Some commands have a more detailed help, which you can access by specifying the command's name as a subcommand for help:

trac-admin /path/to/projenv help <command>

trac-admin <targetdir> initenv

This subcommand is very important as it's the one used to create a TracEnvironment in the specified <targetdir>. That directory must not exist prior to the call.

initenv [<projectname> <db> [<repostype> <repospath>]]

    Create and initialize a new environment

    If no arguments are given, then the required parameters are requested

    One or more optional arguments --inherit=PATH can be used to specify the
    "[inherit] file" option at environment creation time, so that only the
    options not already specified in one of the global configuration files are
    written to the conf/trac.ini file of the newly created environment.
    Relative paths are resolved relative to the "conf" directory of the new

It supports an extra --inherit option, which can be used to specify a global configuration file which can be used share settings between several environments. You can also inherit from a shared configuration afterwards, by setting the [inherit] file option in the conf/trac.ini file in your newly created environment, but the advantage of specifying the inherited configuration file at environment creation time is that only the options not already specified in the global configuration file will be written in the created environment's conf/trac.ini file. See TracIni#GlobalConfiguration.

Note that in version 0.11 of Trac, initenv lost an extra last argument <templatepath>, which was used in previous versions to point to the templates folder. If you are using the one-liner 'trac-admin /path/to/trac/ initenv <projectname> <db> <repostype> <repospath>' in the above and getting an error that reads 'Wrong number of arguments to initenv: 4', then this is because you're using a trac-admin script from an older version of Trac.

Interactive Mode

When passing the environment path as the only argument, trac-admin starts in interactive mode. Commands can then be executed on the selected environment using the prompt, which offers tab-completion (on non-Windows environments, and when the Python readline module is available) and automatic repetition of the last command issued.

Once you're in interactive mode, you can also get help on specific commands or subsets of commands:

For example, to get an explanation of the resync command, run:

> help resync

To get help on all the Wiki-related commands, run:

> help wiki

Full Command Reference

You'll find below the detailed help for all the commands available by default in trac-admin. Note that this may not match the list given by trac-admin <yourenv> help, as the commands pertaining to components disabled in that environment won't be available and conversely some plugins activated in the environment can add their own commands.

Error: Macro TracAdminHelp() failed
'WorklogAdminPanel' object has no attribute 'get_admin_commands'

See also: TracGuide, TracBackup, TracPermissions, TracEnvironment, TracIni, TracMigrate